CDC Categorizes Bioterrorism Agents and Diseases
how to write your biologic plan and should avoid common pitfalls in bio-event planning.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention list biological agents into categories according to potential harm and ability to be manipulated. Category A biologic agents are those pathogen (bacteria, toxins, and virus) that are rarely seen in the United States and have potential to be enhanced or engineered in order to increase the likelihood of harm. Pathogens in Category A include:
- Viral hemorrhagic fevers
According to the CDC Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases page, Category A biologic agents pose a risk to national security because they can be easily transmitted person to person, have high mortality rates/major public health impact, could cause panic and social disruption, and require special public health preparedness.
Category B pathogens are defined as those that are moderately easy to disseminate, result in moderate mobility rates and low mortality rates, and need specific enhancements of CDC diagnostic capacity and surveillance.
Visit the CDC Bioterrorism agents/diseases page for further details on category B pathogens.
Category C pathogens are defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as those emerging pathogens that could be engineered for mass dissemination in the future. Factors in this making this determination include availability, ease of production and dissemination, and potential for high morbidity/mortality rates with major public health impact.
Visit the CDC Bioterrorism agents/diseases page for further details on category C pathogens.
What could we do to a virus, toxin, or bacteria to enhance its effects? The first step in answering that question is to understand the target potential (hard or soft) and dissemination. Understand also that intentional biological events may utilize indirect means of dissemination. Person to person spread of disease is possible in both natural and intentional events.
How to write your biologic plan
Four pitfalls to avoid in biologic planning
What good plans have that bad ones don't
The Bioterrorist Next Door
Clinton Warns of Bioweapon threat
Black Death DNA
Alarm Dutch lab creates killer flu